As the name suggests, structural engineering is a type of engineering that focuses on the sturdiness, durability, and integrity of a building or any other kind of structure. This kind of analysis and design of a structure is handled by structural engineering services. A structure is initially analysed to make sure it follows the right design codes and can withstand applied loads. The structures are then optimised so they can handle the immense weight of themselves and any other pressures applied on them. Structural engineers also collect data regarding beams, roof types, columns, foundations, and material quality, among other things. The job profile of a structural engineer is vivid, and there is a range of fields within it that they can choose. Some of the fields a structural engineer can look at include:
Vessels sent to outer space like rockets and satellites or those flown within the earth’s atmosphere, like an aircraft or helicopter, need to be built with the help of a structural engineer. This professional will be responsible for building a structure that can function smoothly even during harsh climatic conditions and environmental pressures.
Architectural engineering services are employed to create the most common structures, buildings. However, these come in a variety of forms and sizes, from a skyscraper or a mansion to a cricket stadium. Architects or owners of the building are responsible for managing the cost and effectiveness of the concept. However, once the work on its design starts, the structural engineers start their work.
Another type of structure that requires an engineer are bridges. You might have noticed a variety of bridges, including road bridges over a sea, short footbridges over streams, or a rail bridge. Like in the others, the work a structural engineer does on bridges is extremely important, as they ensure the structure is built to function safely. The engineers determine how strong and durable a bridge is and how much load it can carry comfortably on a regular basis, without collapsing.
Similar to aeronautics, structural engineers also assist in producing sturdy cargo ships, boats, and passenger vessels that can travel over large expanses of water. They can even lend a hand in building structures required by oceanographers.
Oil and gas
While this field might sound different from the others, the oil and gas industry provides ample options for structural engineers to do their work. These engineers can build oil rigs, pipelines, or an entire oil field. These structures might take up more space than your average engineering work, so anyone who prefers working on larger projects can opt for a job in this field.